Manicurists

A manicure is a cosmetic beauty treatment for the fingernails and hands, performed at home or in a nail salon. A manicure consists of filing and shaping of the free edge, pushing (with a cuticle pusher) and clipping (with cuticle nippers) any nonliving tissue (limited to cuticle and hangnails), treatments, massage of the hand, and the application of fingernail polish. When applied to the toenails and feet, this treatment is referred to as a pedicure.

Some manicures can include the painting of pictures or designs on the nails, or applying small decals or imitation jewels. Other nail treatments may include the application of artificial nail gel nails, tips, or acrylics, some of which are referred to as French manicures.

In many areas, manicurists are licensed and follow regulations. Since skipon is manipulated and is sometimes trimmed, there is a certain risk of spreading infection when tools are used across many people; therefore, sanitation is a serious issue.

The English ( US ) word manicure comes from the French word manucure, meaning “care of the hands“, which in turn originates from the Latin words manus, for “hand“, and cura, for “care“. Similarly, the English word pedicure comes from the Latin words ped, for “foot“, and cura, for “care“.

Manicures began 5,000 years ago. ( Read Post Nails Art )

Common manicure/pedicure tools include:

Bowl of warm water or fingerbath
Cuticle knife and clippers.
      

Cuticle pusher/Hoof stick – often made from metal or orange wood
Foot bath (for pedicures)
Manicure table
Nail art brushes/tools
Nail brush
Nail buffer
Nail clippers
Nail file (usually an emery board)
Nail scissors
Orange stick
Rubber thimble-like object (used to help open polish)

Common manicure/pedicure supplies include:

Cotton balls/pads
Cuticle remover
Hand cream
Hand towels
Massage lotion
Nail jewels (often self-adhesive)
Nail polish
Nail polish remover or nail polish remover wipes
Base coat polish & ridge filler polish
Color varnish
Top coat or sealant
For decoration (optional):

Fimo/Nail art cane slices
Flocking Powder
Glitter
Sanitizing spray/towels
Small dried flowers

Sanitation options
In Australia, the United States, and other countries,[where?] many nail salons offer personal nail tool kits for purchase to avoid some of the sanitation issues in the salon. The kits are often kept in the salon and given to the client to take home, or are thrown away after use. They are only used when that client comes in for a treatment.

Another option is to give the client the files and wooden cuticle sticks after the manicure. Since the 1970, the overwhelming majority of professional salons use electric nail files that are faster and yield higher quality results, particularly with acrylic nail enhancements.