share on PinterestRidofranz/Getty Images contrary to popular impression, nail down health includes more than precisely the hard pinpoint plate. It besides includes the peel around the nail. One part of this skin is called the proximal complete fold, which is located on the penetrate of the breeze through. It frames the collar, along with the lateral pass smash folds, which are on the entrust and correctly sides.

Though it might seem like an insignificant structure, the proximal complete fold is significant. It plays an substantive function in overall nail health. To learn more about the proximal smash fold, read on. We ’ ll explain its routine and best care practices, along with checkup issues that can affect it.

What is the proximal nail fold?

The proximal nail down fold is a wedge of thicken skin at the base of the complete. It ’ s found on both your fingernails and toenails. The skin folds over the nail matrix and the al-qaeda of the nail down. The nail down matrix produces the hard breeze through. It ’ sulfur located thick inside the proximal nail fold. The top of the proximal nail fold has convention peel, while the clamber along the bottom is slender. The proximal complete congregation is different from the carapace. The carapace is the clamber that extends from the proximal nail fold. It ’ s thinly, clean, and attached to the collar .Proximal nail fold share on PinterestPhotography by Monica Pardo

What’s the function of the proximal nail fold?

In addition to securing the nail, the proximal breeze through fold protects the pinpoint as it grows. The proximal breeze through fold and cuticle besides create a navy seal between the matrix and complete. This protects the area from :

  • allergens
  • irritants
  • toxins
  • infection-causing microbes, like bacteria and fungi

What’s the best way to care for the proximal nail fold?

here ’ s how to care for the proximal nail congregation :

Avoid cutting or trimming

Remember, the proximal nail close up protects the space between your nail and hide from harmful germs. Cutting or trimming it will make it easier for germs to get in. The proximal nail fold is besides attached to the epidermis, which shouldn ’ thyroxine be cut, according to the american Academy of Dermatology ( AAD ). If you cut the proximal nail fold, you ’ ll besides cut the cuticle .

Avoid pushing it back

The AAD besides advises against pushing back the cuticles. however, if you do so anyhow, be certain to stop at the proximal nail fold. Pushing back the nail fold will expose the space between your skin and smash, increasing the gamble of infection .


As with all skin around your nails, it ’ s important to moisturize the proximal collar fold. This will keep the skin hydrated and healthy. If you use a carapace oil or cream, applying it will hydrate the proximal complete fold at the same meter. You can besides use a humidify hired hand cream or coconut oil.

What problems can occur with the proximal nail fold?

Like other parts of the breeze through, the proximal smash close up can develop aesculapian issues. These include :

Physical trauma

physical injury to the proximal nail fold can lead to paronychia, or ignition of the peel around the smash. This includes trauma like cuts or breaks in the skin. If physical trauma separates the smash from the collar sleep together, retronychia can occur. Retronychia is when a new nail grows beneath the old nail, pushing the latter up. This causes inflammation in the proximal nail congregation. Examples of physical injury that can cause proximal smash fold excitement admit :

  • picking at the nail
  • biting the nail
  • getting manicures or pedicures
  • applying fake fingernails
  • developing ingrown toenails
  • wearing poorly fitted shoes (for toenails)
  • engaging in sports activities
  • applying physical pressure
  • removing the cuticle

If the proximal breeze through fold is cut or broken, it should be treated like any other wreathe. You can besides soak the moved finger or toe in warm water to soothe excitement. For retronychia, you ’ ll motivation to get the erstwhile nail removed by a medical professional .

Reaction to irritants and allergens

If the proximal nail fold is repeatedly exposed to irritants and allergens, it can become inflame. This includes substances like houseclean products or food. People who are prone to this type of discomfort of the proximal nail down fold include :

  • house cleaners
  • laundry workers
  • cooks
  • dishwashers
  • swimmers

Treatment includes limiting exposure to the shock substances. This may include wearing gloves or using different products. topical steroid creams can besides provide stand-in .

Connective tissue diseases

Some conjunction tissue diseases can affect assorted parts of the nail, including the proximal breeze through fold. Examples of these diseases include :

  • systemic sclerosis
  • lupus erythematosus
  • dermatomyositis

These conditions may cause changes in the proximal collar fold like :

  • discoloration
  • redness
  • visible blood vessels (dermatomyositis)

treatment should focus on managing the underlie cause .

Skin conditions

Skin diseases can affect the breeze through around the peel, including the proximal nail fold. This includes conditions like :

  • psoriasis
  • eczema
  • dermatitis

These conditions may cause changes to the proximal nail fold, including :

  • swelling
  • thickening
  • inflammation


Bacterial and fungal infections can affect the proximal nail fold. normally, bacterial infections in the fold break after an injury. The injury allows harmful bacteria to enter the fold, resulting in contagion. Symptoms include :

  • redness
  • swelling
  • tenderness
  • pain
  • pus

meanwhile, fungal infections frequently affect the entire nail. But one type, called proximal subungal onychomycosis, starts at the proximal smash fold and spreads up the smash. This fungal infection typically affects people with compromise immune systems. bacterial infections are treated with topical antibiotics, while fungal infections are treated with topical antifungal medications .

When to see a doctor

If you notice any pinpoint abnormalities or changes in the skin around your nails, make an appointment with a doctor. This includes :

  • unusual dryness
  • redness or discoloration
  • pain
  • swelling
  • abnormal growth
  • tenderness
  • thickened skin
  • strange odor
  • pus


The proximal nail fold is the hide that borders the bottom of your smash. It keeps the nail in place and protects it as it grows. The fold is connected to the epidermis, which is attached to your collar. together, the fold and cuticle stop germs from entering your hide. It ’ mho recommended that you avoid cutting or trimming the proximal nail fold. Doing sol can increase the risk for infection or inflammation. Some skin and connective tissue disorders can besides affect the proximal nail congregation, so it ’ randomness crucial to treat them accordingly. Visit your doctor if the skin around your nails become swollen, discolored, or atrocious. They can determine what ’ s causing your symptoms and help you find relief .

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Category : Nail center

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