Nail pit is when small depressions appear on the surface of the nails. The scar can be shallow or deep, depending on the individual sheath. Nail depressions are often found in people with psoriasis, but they can be a sign of respective other conditions. People with nail scar may want to see a doctor to discover the underlying induce. In this article, we look at the signs of nail scar, the likely causes, and what forms of treatment are available.

Signs and symptoms

Nurse inspecting patient's hand. share on PinterestNail pitting most commonly develops on the fingernails, although it may occur on the toenails. People with smash pit will notice modest pits developing on the surface of the nail on either their fingers or toes. Fingernails are more normally affected than toenails, although it is indecipherable why. There can be one individual pit or many pits. A smash with multiple pits can look like the surface of a thimble. The nail is function of the peel and grows from the nail solution, which is found just under the epidermis. This origin is why breeze through pitting is frequently related to a skin condition.

Causes and related conditions

Nail pit is often a signboard of another condition that can include :

  • psoriasis, which causes skin inflammation
  • eczema, a long-term skin condition that makes the skin red, itchy, and cracked
  • reactive arthritis or inflammation caused by an infection elsewhere
  • alopecia areata, which causes temporary bald patches on the scalp


psoriasis is a park bark condition that causes ignition of the bark and much leads to patches of red, lepidote bark. People who develop psoriasis tend to have flare-ups throughout their lives. The frequency of these outburst varies from person to person. The badness of psoriasis can besides vary greatly, from humble patches that are barely noticeable to larger patches across the body. psoriasis is not caused by infection, it can not be passed on to other people, and it does not develop into cancer. The National Psoriasis Foundation state that while it can develop at any time, psoriasis most normally starts in people aged between 15 and 35. Around 1.5 percentage of African-Americans have psoriasis, compared with 3.6 percentage of caucasian Americans. Around half the people who have psoriasis will besides notice changes in their nails .

Psoriatic nail disease

There are respective collar changes that can occur with psoriasis, including :

  • Pitting, when either one pit or many pits appear on the surface of the nail.
  • Onycholysis, when the nail separates from the skin. This begins as a white or yellow patch at the top of the nail that works its way down to the base. The skin underneath can become infected, as a result.
  • Subungual hyperkeratosis, when a chalk-like material builds up under the nail, often making the nail raised and tender.
  • Color changes, when nails become yellow or brown.
  • Fungal nail infection, which can make the nail thicker.

Around 4 in every 5 people with psoriatic arthritis will besides notice nail changes.

Diagnosis and when to see a doctor

partake on PinterestA biopsy may be required to diagnose the cause of nail pitting. Anyone concerned with pits on their nails should see a sophisticate. typically, the first thing the doctor will do is a physical examen. A expression at person ’ s checkup history may besides help, specially if they have had psoriasis or other conditions linked with pinpoint pit. The appearance alone of person ’ south nails will often be enough for a doctor to diagnose the problem, peculiarly if it is psoriatic breeze through disease. occasionally, a doctor will send a sample of the smash for a biopsy to help confirm the diagnosis. A biopsy is a checkup routine that examines weave under a microscope to see if there are any cell abnormalities. Cases of nail psoriasis can be unmanageable to diagnose unless the person presents bark psoriatic lesions, equally well. only about 5 to 10 percentage of people with nail down psoriasis will not have psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis besides .

Treatment options

Nail pitting can be mild. If the pitting is not causing any discomfort, it will not require any treatment. More severe cases can cause discomfort and straiten, however. Nail pit is quite unmanageable to treat, although some modern methods have been shown to be effective. Treatments that can be applied to the smash include steroids, salicylic acerb, calcipotriol, and tazarotene, although these are much not very effective. It is authoritative to remember that complete grow slowly and this type of redress only treats the new nail down develop, not the existing one. A skin specialist may besides suggest one of the pursuit :

  • Antifungal treatment: This might be needed if there is also a fungal infection.
  • Steroid injected into the nail: This treatment can be painful.
  • Removing the nail: Nails can be removed either by using an ointment that takes 7 days to work, or surgically with a local anesthetic.

In hard cases, such as when a person is not able to use their hand or walk properly if pit is on their toes, more potent drugs can be used to suppress inflammation. These will merely always be prescribed by a sophisticate .

Management tips

parcel on PinterestWearing gloves when performing manual labor will protect the hands and nails. Before undergo discussion, people with smash pit should first consider the self-management steps they can take to care for their nails, such as :

  • keeping toenails and fingernails short
  • keeping nails dry
  • protecting nails from damage by wearing gloves when doing manual work, for example
  • avoiding manicures at the base of the nail as they may cause infection
  • avoiding wearing false nails
  • avoiding using nail varnish containing acetone, as it can damage the nail
  • wearing comfortable shoes that give space for the toes to move

People should besides avoid cleaning their nails with a acuate object or brush. It is better to soak the nails in warm water to remove debris.


Nail pit can be unmanageable to treat. however, if the condition is mild and not causing discomfort, then people can lead a normal biography. If person is worried about how the pits on their nails look, they may be able to cover them with a smash varnish that does not contain acetone. In more severe cases, pitting can continue to cause discomfort and the appearance of the nails may cause a person distress. It can besides affect the functionality of the hands and feet.

In the case of nail psoriasis, scar is a marker for more dangerous skin symptoms and articulation engagement. If these originate, diagnosis and treatment will need to be sought. When skin lesions are not award, complete psoriasis can besides aid the diagnosis of cases of psoriatic arthritis. While treatment for pinpoint psoriasis is long-run and often ineffective, it is improving greatly over prison term. Following the simple management tips can besides help with collar pit, and improve a person ’ s quality of life .

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Category : Nail tips

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