Fungal nail infection

Fungal nail down infections are common. They are not normally good, but can be unpleasant and take a long time to treat. Fungal complete infections normally affect your toenails but you can get them on your finger nails excessively .

Symptoms of a fungal nail infection

A fungal nail infection may not cause any obvious symptoms at first. As it progresses, the contagion can cause :

  • discolouration of the nail – it may turn white, black, yellow or green
  • thickening and distortion of the nail – it may become an unusual shape or texture and be difficult to trim
  • pain or discomfort – particularly when using or placing pressure on the affected toe or finger
  • brittle or crumbly nails – pieces may break off and come away completely

Picture showing nail discolouration caused by fungal infectionFungal nail infections can cause discolouration of the nail Picture showing a toenail lifting off due to infectionThe nail can become discoloured and lift offPicture showing broken toenailThe nail becomes brittle and pieces can break off sometimes the skin nearby may besides become septic. The peel can be antsy and cracked or bolshevik and well .

Causes of fungal nail infections

Most fungal pinpoint infections occur as a consequence of the fungus that cause athlete ‘s foot infecting the nails. These fungi frequently live harmlessly on your skin. But they can sometimes multiply and lead to infections. The fungi prefer warm, dark and damp places like the feet. You ‘re more likely to get a fungal smash infection if you :

  • don’t keep your feet clean and dry
  • wear shoes that cause your feet to get hot and sweaty
  • walk around barefoot in places where fungal infections can spread easily, such as communal showers, locker rooms and gyms
  • have damaged your nails
  • have a weakened immune system
  • have certain other health conditions, such as diabetes, psoriasis or peripheral arterial disease 

Fungal nail infections can be spread to early people, so you should take steps to avoid this ( see below ) if you have an infection.

Treatments for fungal nail infections

treatment is n’t constantly needed for a meek fungal pinpoint contagion. This is because it ‘s unlikely to cause any far problems and you may feel it ‘s not worth treating. Speak to your pharmacist if you’re bothered by the appearance of the affected nail, or it ‘s causing problems such as pain and discomfort. They ‘ll be able to recommend something that can help. If it is not clearing up, you can see your GP, who may prescribe a treatment .

Preventing fungal nail infections

You can reduce your hazard of developing a fungal breeze through infection by :

  • keeping your hands and feet clean and dry
  • wearing well-fitting shoes made of natural materials and clean cotton socks – these will allow your feet to ’breathe’
  • clipping your nails to keep them short – don’t share clippers or scissors with other people
  • not sharing towels and socks with other people, and make sure your towels are washed regularly
  • not walking around barefoot in public pools, showers, and locker rooms – special shower shoes are available to protect your feet
  • replacing old footwear that could be contaminated with fungi
  • treating athlete’s foot as soon as possible to avoid the infection spreading to your nails

Nail salon equipment can sometimes be the source of fungal collar infections. If you regularly visit a salon, ask if the equipment used is sterilised between uses .

More useful links

The information on this page has been adapted from master content from the NHS web site. For further information see terms and conditions .

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Category : Nail tips

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